Goal-based investing is common in developed markets where individuals have separate investment plans catering to child's college fees, retirement and so on.
Indians need to adapt the same for a more coordinated attempt at actualizing their financial dreams of buying a house, a car, providing for child's education, marriage, annual pilgrimage among other objectives.
What is goal-based investing?
Goal-based investing is about listing the three to four key financial goals an individual would like to achieve on priority.He then devises separate investment plans for each of them. Typically, these goals could include buying a house, a car, child's education, marriage, building an emergency fund or a life insurance plan, retirement planning and so on.
Making separate investment plans helps achieve different goals more effectively. Goals have varying time frames. For instance, an investor may want to set aside money for a house, a car, child's education and his own retirement. Each goal has a time horizon of its own because it is unlikely he wants to achieve all the goals within the same time frame. For instance, he wants to buy a house five years later, a car within 3 years, save for child's medical college fees ten years later and plan for his own retirement 35 years later.
Hence this calls for preparing a financial plan dedicated for each goal with investments geared to optimize returns for the goal. Essentially this demands considerable planning and careful investment selection. For goals that are further ahead say 10 years or later, the investor can take on risk through equities. Goals with shorter time frames must have a judicious mix of equities (lower percentage) and fixed income investments (higher).
If investors are well-versed with financial planning, they can list down their key goals and make separate investment plans for each.
However, if they lack the time and necessary skills, they must consider engaging a competent and experienced financial advisor. After making detailed calculations for each goal based on your inputs he will go on to recommend investments for each goal. You can also have him review the plan at regular intervals and recommend changes if necessary.